Brioche: A kind of sweet bread made with eggs and
fat (butter gives the best results). Nice
brioche can be enjoyed at Bonjour
Buttercream: thick cream made only of eggs, sugar and
Buttercream is used (in small quantities) in
some pastries, and
can also be used as a chocolate centre.
Couverture chocolate: a specific type of chocolate containing a higher percentage
of cocoa butter, so it can be melted and moulded easily into
chocolate candy. Chocolate bonbons for example are usually
made of a centered covered with couverture chocolate.
Croissant: a roll made of puff-pastry. Try a croissant
Patisserie, Max's Market or Daniel et
Eclair: Just like a cream puff (see
recipe), but with a long shape instead of
round shape, and
topped with fondant. Patachou
makes nice eclairs.
Fondant: A sweet paste made by heating and
beating a mix of sugar, water
and a flavouring (usually vanilla, cocoa or
Ganache: filling used in chocolate bonbons, made of chocolate and heavy cream (usually whipped and cooked).
Meringue: A preparation made of baked beaten egg
whites and sugar. Different textures are
obtained by varying the ways of mixing the
sugar and the egg whites, and varying the
baking time/temperature. Meringue is most
famously used to top lemon meringue
tarts, but can also stand alone as a cookie
when flavoured; try it at Fleudelys Patisserie.
Opera: a classic French pastry made of very thin
coffee-soaked almond sponge cake,
chocolate ganache and coffee
buttercream, glazed with chocolate and
sometimes decorated with gold leaves.
Pastry cream: thick cream made with eggs, flour, sugar,
milk and sometimes a flavouring
(chocolate, coffee, vanilla...). Pastry cream
is often used in French pastries, for
example in the cream puffs, and is rather
easy to make at home (see
cream puffs recipe).
Praline: filling used in chocolate bonbons, made of chocolate and a variety of roasted nuts.
Puff pastry: a type of crust made of a large number of successive layers
of dough and butter. When baked, puff pastry becomes
flaky and light (croissants for example are simply puff
pastry rolls). Puff pastry is difficult to make at home, but
you can buy it frozen in a supermarket or sometimes at your
Tarte Tatin: a tarte Tatin is an upside down apple pie;
the apples are put in the dish first on a bed
of sugar, and the crust is added on top.
The apples become very soft and
caramelized, and the result is delicious.
Great tarte Tatin can be enjoyed at Rahier
Patisserie in Toronto.
Tiramisu: An Italian pastry made of layers of mascarpone cheese
and sponge cake soaked in coffee and liquor. Dessert Trends makes